The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:  In accordance with WAB law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. Free movement will continue until the end of the transition period (or transposition period) and EU and UK nationals will be able to move to the UK or Member States, as currently permitted by EU legislation. EU citizens living in their host country before the end of the transition have a permanent right of residence under the withdrawal agreement due to certain requirements. Under the agreement, the UK and EU-27 have discretion under which EU or UK nationals must apply for new resident status. This document shortens the VA withdrawal agreement negotiated by EU heads of state and government on 25 November 2018 (re-established by the UK government in March 2019) and shortens the political declaration (published by the government in March 2019), which sets out the framework for future EU-UK relations, is abbreviated to the PDPD. Previous projects of these documents are designated as such (for example. B the March 2018 project). The British Parliament approved the draft agreement by adopting on 23 January 2020 the implementing laws (the 2020 Withdrawal Agreement Act) of the European Union (withdrawal agreement). Following the signing of the agreement, the UK Government adopted and tabled the UK`s ratification instrument on 29 January 2020.  The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after approval by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The UK`s withdrawal from the EU came into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, when the withdrawal agreement came into force in accordance with Article 185. The government has pledged to vote on a resolution in both houses of Parliament before the Edo-Speaker votes, where each parliament is asked to approve the withdrawal agreement.
So far, the British Parliament had had two “wise votes” but had not approved the November 2018 withdrawal agreement, despite assurances from the EU in January 2019 that the backstop should not be permanent and other interpretations and clarifications in March 2019. The Strasbourg clarification package and the Attorney General`s opinion will be discussed in the Commons Briefing Paper 8525 The Strasbourg package, 13 March 2019. Part 1 of the withdrawal agreement contains “common provisions.” They define their territorial scope, the main definitions and how the withdrawal agreement (and in particular its Community content) should enter into force in the United Kingdom. An important difference from the draft withdrawal agreement in March 2018 is that Article 4 specifies that the entire withdrawal agreement (not just the second part on citizens` rights) must be immediate in the United Kingdom, where its provisions are clear, precise and unconditional. The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. The NI protocol, known as “backstop,” is supposed to be temporary and applies unless it is replaced by a future relationship agreement that the parties will attempt to reach by December 31, 2020. The protocol provides that the common travel area and North-South cooperation will continue to a large extent as they do today, as well as the internal electricity market (so that some EU legislation on wholesale electricity markets will continue to apply).